The Sicilian olive is used in the traditional Sicilian cuisine and regional dishes of Italy. They have a salty taste, are medium size, and actually a fruit, like all olive species. There are many dishes that include these olives like prosciutto mushroom pizza, mozzarella pizza, chicken salad with Parmesan cheese and mushrooms, the spaghetti carbonara, or various pastas. A popular recipe is the Sicilian olive salad, which includes various greens and herbs under the sliced Sicilian olives in their own juice. Of course you could eat them just as they are as well.